The ATHENA Network is a global network that was created to advance gender equity and human rights in the response to HIV and AIDS. Because gender inequity fuels HIV and HIV fuels gender inequity, it is imperative that women and girls – particularly those living with HIV – speak out, set priorities for action, and lead the response. ATHENA builds from a shared history of advocacy around International AIDS Conferences. The Barcelona Bill of Rights, promulgated by partners at the 2002 International AIDS Conference, is our framework for action.